Sri Lanka wants farmers to plant more rice as part of plans to avert a severe food shortage, a top official said on Tuesday, as experts warned of a 50 per cent drop in production that would worsen the impact of its already-severe financial crisis.
Sri Lanka is in the throes of its worst crisis in more than seven decades. The island of 22 million people has run out of foreign exchange reserves and is unable to pay for critical imports including fuel, food, and medicine.
“It is clear the food situation is becoming worse. We request all farmers to step into their fields in the next five to ten days and cultivate paddy,” Agriculture Minister Mahinda Amaraweera told a press conference on Tuesday.
Sri Lanka’s new prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe has warned of a severe food shortage by August and estimates $600 million will be needed to import fertiliser, which the country is struggling to raise.
Most fertilizer will arrive too late for the next cultivation cycle that usually kicks off in early June, a group of agriculture experts has warned. In the next two seasons, sufficient quantities of fertilizer will not be available to fulfill the nutrient requirements of any of the major crops of rice, tea, and maize.
Buddhi Marambe, an agriculture professor at the University of Peradeniya, said some areas will lose more than 50 per cent of the paddy yield even if action is taken.
“Even if we bring fertilizer today, it will be too late to have a good harvest,” he said.
Talks are underway with India to procure 65,000 tonnes of fertilizer and appeals have been made to seven other countries, Amaraweera said. But he did not disclose details of when shipments would arrive.
Last month the central bank announced it would “preemptively” default on some of its external debt as the currency depreciated more than 50 per cent and food inflation hit 46 per cent in April.
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