Here are some facts and figures on health in India, based on data from the government, the World Bank and research reports.
- Public and private healthcare spending in India is estimated to be about 3.5% of GDP, one of the lowest in the world. The corresponding figure for the United States is about 17% and about 10% for India’s fellow developing country Brazil.
- The federal government’s public health spending ranges from 1% to 1.5%, though Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s administration has vowed to lift it to 2.5% by 2024/25. Health experts want it to go to 3%.
- India spends about $75 per capita on healthcare, compared with about $800 by Brazil and about $11,000 by the United States.
- More than 60% of all healthcare spending in India is out of pocket, much higher than Brazil’s about 27% and about 11% for the United States.
INFRASTRUCTURE, PERSONNEL, PLEDGES
- India has just about one hospital bed per 1,000 people. The corresponding number for Brazil is more than two and nearly three for the United States.
- India has only about one doctor per 1,000 people, compared with more than two for both Brazil and the United States.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi says India will produced more doctors in the next decade or so than it did in the first seven decades of the country’s independence in 1947.
- The government has pledged to build many new hospitals and upgrade existing ones in the next few years with the investment of around $9 billion. The poor state of Bihar plans to build by next year some 1,600 new hospitals at the cost of about $500 million.
- Modi’s government, states and government-run companies have provided funds for hospitals so that all of India’s nearly 750 districts have at least one oxygen-generation plant. Some 4,000 of them have been commissioned in recent months.